I’ve asked CoPhi students to click around on our course blogsite today, to see what else they can learn about Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and revulsion (and related issues) via some of the available links. For instance, some of Socrates’ greatest hits turn up at The Philosophers’ Magazine Online:
Crito, I owe a cock to Asclepius; will you remember to pay the debt? Quoted in Plato’s Phaedo (Socrates’s last words)
Having the fewest wants, I am nearest to the gods. Quoted in Diogenes Laertius’s Lives of Eminent Philosophers
I am that gadfly which God has attached to the state, and all day long and in all places am always fastening upon you, arousing and persuading and reproaching you. Apology (Plato)
The unexamined life is not worth living. Apology (Plato)
The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways — I to die, and you to live. Which is better God only knows. Quoted in Plato’s Apology
Plato, we learn from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, thought that “erôs is doomed to frustration unless it channels its power of love into ‘higher pursuits,’ which culminate in the knowledge of the Form of Beauty.” Most college students of my acquaintance would probably find those higher pursuits even more frustrating.
And here’s a nice rendition of Plato’s Cave from the great Orson Welles:
And the Squashed Philosophers site condenses the Nichomachean Ethics and offers a concise glossary of Aristotelian terms:
Akrasia: Weakness of will, lack of self-control. Incontinence.
Eudaimonia: Literally ‘having good demons’. Translated here as ‘happiness’, but often thought closer to the English ‘flourishing’.
‘Golden Mean': Aristotle’s doctrine that right action lies in the middle position between the extremes of excess and deficit.
Phronimos: The good man of practical wisdom and virtue.
The Ask Philosophers site has a few Qs & As on the concept of revulsion.
And in one of our recent Group 4 discussions we were wondering about the transmission of acquired characteristics: could revulsion towards some actions, objects, or persons be inherited? The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy addresses the question in its “Heritability” article.
The critical attack on heritability arises against the background of nature/nurture debates and concerns over genetic determinism and is best understood as a critical appraisal of behavioral geneticists in psychology. There is little philosophical work that critically takes on the notion of heritability in its evolutionary context.
Well good: there will always be more work for philosophers.